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Natural populations

A large rainforest tree, Euroschinus falcata is a fast growing pioneer growing in rainforest and in the ecotone with sclerophyll forest.  There are two varieties recognised:

Flowering and seeds

Flowers spring to summer and fleshy black drupes ripe in summer. Germination is slow and erratic; the fruits are eaten by many frugivores [109].

Cultivation and uses

Squashed fruits of this species are not edible but have the smell of turpentine and mangoes [25].

Key descriptors:
Var. angustifolius:
Climate parameters
Mean annual rainfall: 600-1400 mm
Rainfall distribution pattern: summer
Mean annual temperature: 16-27 °C
Mean max. temperature of the hottest month: 29-34 °C
Mean min. temperature of the coldest month: 6-17 °C
Frosts (approx. no. per year): frost free or more or less frost free
Altitude: 75-800 metres
Soil factors
Texture: loam, sandy loam, sandy clay loam or sand
Soil pH reaction: acidic (less than 6.5)
Soil depth: moderate to deep (30-100 cm or greater)
Drainage: well-drained
Biological traits under cultivation
Habit: evergreen shrub or small tree less than 5 m tall, tree 5-20 m tall or tree >20 m tall
Longevity: moderate to long lived (>15 years)
Shade tolerance: tolerates partial shade

Var. falcatus:
Climate parameters
Mean annual rainfall: 750-4000 mm
Rainfall distribution pattern: summer
Frosts (approx. no. per year): up to 20
Frost intensity: light to moderate (0 to -5°C)
Mean annual temperature: 16-26 °C
Mean max. temperature of the hottest month: 27-32 °C
Mean min. temperature of the coldest month: 6-17 °C
Altitude: 0-1100 metres
Soil factors
Texture: loam, sandy loam, sandy clay loam or sand
Soil pH reaction: acidic (less than 6.5)
Soil depth: moderate to deep (30-100 cm or greater)
Drainage: well-drained
Biological traits under cultivation
Habit: evergreen shrub or small tree less than 5 m tall, tree 5-20 m tall or tree >20 m tall
Longevity: moderate to long lived (>15 years)
Biological traits under cultivation
Growth rate: moderate
Root system: moderate to deep
Erosion control potential: excellent for sandy sites
Windbreak potential: excellent (known or has good attributes), tolerates salty coastal winds
Shade tolerance: tolerates partial shade

References

[14] Stanley TD, Ross EM (1983 to 1995) Plants of South-East Queensland. Volumes 1-3, Queensland Government, Brisbane.

[25] Cooper W, Cooper WT (1994) Fruits of the Rainforest: a guide to fruits in Australian Tropical Rain Forests. RD Press, Surry Hills, NSW.

[42] Flora of Australia (1982 to 2007) Volumes 2 to 47, CSIRO Publishing and the Australian Biological Resources Study, Canberra.

[109] Brisbane Rainforest Action & Information Network (2007) Brisbane Rainforest Plants database. (Online resource) http://www.brisrain.webcentral.com.au/01_cms/details.asp?ID=9 (Accessed: February 2008).

Internet links

PlantNet NSW Flora Online – species description & distribution: http://plantnet.rbgsyd.nsw.gov.au/cgi-bin/NSWfl.pl?page=nswfl&lvl=sp&name=Euroschinus~falcatus

Rainforest species database: http://www.brisrain.webcentral.com.au/01_cms/details_pop.asp?ID=198

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